1857– Formation of the Alpine Club in London. The World’s first mountaineering club.
1878– Establishment of the Bicycle Union. Purpose is to defend cyclists and regulate racing
1878– Creation of the Bicycle Touring Club
1879– The Sunday Tramps.
Formed by Sir Frederick Pollock, George Croom Robertson, and mountaineer Sir Leslie Stephen. This London group, no more than ten in number, walked 20-25 miles on alternate Sundays, October to June. Group formed of intellectuals- writers, lawyers and scholars. Group dispersed 1895.
1880– Formation of the Manchester YMCA Rambling Club
1883– Bicycle Union merges with the Tricycle Union and is renamed the National Cyclists’ Union
1883– Bicycle Touring Club renamed as the Cyclists’ Touring Club
1884– The Forest Ramblers’ Club.
Formed by group of North-east London businessmen headed by J H Porter. Membership confined to men. ‘Ladies Days’ occasionally held.
1884– Creation of the National Sports Protection and Defence Association. Renamed the Field Sports Protection and Encouragement Association the following year
1885– Polytechnic Ramblers’ club. Regent Street Polytechnic
Possibly founded by W K Davies and Percy Randall, who claimed they had the idea in 1885. First reference to the club in 1886.
1887– Foundation of the Cairngorm Club.
1889– Foundation of Scottish Mountaineering Club
1892– West of Scotland Ramblers’ Alliance
1892– Yorkshire Ramblers’ Club. Formed to promote the idea of walking and the study of the countryside. Now supports mountaineering, caving, potholing, climbing, ‘walking’ and skiing. They do little Rambling…
1891 – Co-operative Holidays Association. Provided affordable accommodation in the countryside for male and female working class people. In the beginning, typical holiday of one week included compulsory daily walks of 18-20 miles. Flirting between sexes frowned upon however CHA sobriquet- ‘Catch a Husband Association’
1894– Formation of the Peak & Northern Footpaths Society.
Evolved out of the Manchester Association for the Preservation of Ancient Public Footpaths of 1826. Now the oldest surviving regional footpath society in the UK.
1894– Joseph and Elizabeth Cunningham open all male tented holiday camp at Howstrake, Isle of Man. Up to 600 men staying each week, between May and October.
1895– National Trust. Formed to care for historic properties and countryside.
Octavia Hill, Sir Robert Hunter and Hardwicke Rawnsley
1895– Friends of Nature (Naturfreunde/Naturefriends/Amis de la Nature) founded in Vienna, Austria.
Now over 500,000 members in 47 member and partner organisations
1898– Foundation of the Climbers’ Club. Rock climbing club for Wales and England.
1900– Sheffield Clarion Ramblers, disbands 2015
Founded by G B H Ward
Early 1900’s– Various Federations of walking clubs formed
1901– Association of Cycle Campers
1902– Formation of The Rucksack Club in Manchester. Formed to facilitate walking tours and mountaineering expeditions in the British Isles and elsewhere
1902– The Glasgow Health Culture Rambling Club
1904– Joseph and Elizabeth Cunningham open a 1500 tented holiday camp, one of the first ever camps, at north Douglas, Isle of Man. Their original Howstrake Camp  continues under separate management. Open March to October, the all-male, teetotal camp includes a large dining pavilion.
1905– London Federation of Rambling Clubs
Founded by Sir Lawrence Chubb and J A Southern
1906– The Camping Club
1906– National Camping Club
1906– Foundation of The Wayfarers’ Club in Liverpool. Created to encourage the pursuits of mountaineering, walking, ski-running and cave exploration
1906/7– Beginning of the Scout movement. Introduction of Scouts
1906/7– Foundation of the Fell & Rock Climbing Club of the English Lake District.
1909– Formation of the youth hostels concept in Germany
1909– Association of Cycle Campers and The Camping Club amalgamate to form the Amateur Camping Club
1910– National Camping Club and Amateur Camping Club amalgamate to become The Camping Club of Great Britain and Ireland
1910– Girl Guides
Baden Powell and his sister Agnes Baden Powell
1912– Society for the Promotion of Nature Reserves, later Wildlife Trusts
1913– The Holiday Fellowship. Sought to provide basic, accessible walking holidays in the UK and abroad
Set up by Thomas Arthur Leonard, who had become disillusioned by the Co-operative Holidays Association (which he had also formed) becoming too middle-class
1924/5– Foundation of the Woodcraft Folk
Started by Leslie Paul. Broke away from the Kindred of the Kibbo Kift, which itself had broken away from the Scouting movement that some regarded as too militaristic. Open to both girls and boys, it had a strong outdoors and camping tradition. Less so in recent years.
1922– Formation of the Midland Association of Mountaineers.
1926– Council for the Preservation of Rural England
1926– Foundation of the British Field Sports Society
1930– Following a trip to visit Germany’s youth hostels, small group of friends open first youth hostel in Britain. Eleven British hostels operating by Easter 1931
1931– SYHA Hostelling Scotland established
1931-The National Council of Ramblers’ Federations- later Ramblers Association
1931– The British Canoe Association
the specialist canoe section of the Camping Club of Great Britain and Ireland
1932– Public Schools Exploring Society, later renamed as British Schools Exploring Society, then BSES Expeditions, finally British Exploring Society in 2012.
Set up by Surgeon Commander George Murray Levick RN, a member of Captain Scott‘s final Antarctic Expedition of 1910-13. Provides opportunity for young people, aged 16–25 years, from schools, universities etc. to take part in adventure and research projects across the World
1935– official foundation of The Ramblers Association
1936– The Moray Badge instituted at Gordonstoun School
Programme created by Headmaster Dr Kurt Hahn. Later becomes the Duke of Edinburgh Award scheme
1941– Foundation of Outward Bound at Aberdovey, Wales.
Created by Dr. Kurt Hahn and Lawrence Holt. Aims to promote personal growth and social skills by using challenging expeditions in the outdoors. Extends to a network of outdoor education schools. First Outward Bound programme for females in 1951. First girl’s school opens 1959. Extended to 33 countries, first in Germany in 1952. Helps shape U.S. Peace Corps.
1941– The Youth Camping Association
sponsored by the Camping Club of Great Britain and Ireland
1944– The Association of Cycle Campers. Later changes its name to the Association of Lightweight Campers
The specialist section of the Camping Club of Great Britain and Ireland
1944– Formation of the British Mountaineering Council
1956– Duke of Edinburgh’s Award created
First opened to boys aged 15-18, later extended in 1958 to girls aged 14 -20. Single programme for both sexes, aged 14 to 21, from 1969. Extended to those up to 25 years of age in 1980. Scheme now adopted by over 140 nations.
1962– Creation of the South Ribble Orienteering Club, England’s oldest orienteering club
1962– Creation of the Scottish Orienteering Association
1965– Mountain Bothies Association
Bernard Heath and friends work to convert ruined Tunskeen farmhouse in Galloway to a basic shelter for walkers. 32 bothies in 1975. 2000+ members by the 1980s. Over 100 bothies in 2015
1967– Creation of the British Orienteering Federation
1969– Long Distance Walkers’ Association
Chris Steer, Alan and Barbara Blatchford
1983– The Camping Club of Great Britain and Ireland changes its name to The Camping and Caravanning Club. The World’s oldest and largest Club for all forms of camping
2009– The Ramblers Association re-branded as The Ramblers. The largest walkers’ rights organisation in Great Britain
2009– Cyclists’ Touring Club renamed as CTC
1972– Backpackers Club formed
1972– Young Explorers Trust
2016– CTC renamed Cycling UK